How the petroleum refining industry approaches energy conservation a case study : report to the Congress by United States. General Accounting Office

Cover of: How the petroleum refining industry approaches energy conservation | United States. General Accounting Office

Published by General Accounting Office in [Washington] .

Written in English

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  • Petroleum refineries -- United States.,
  • Energy conservation -- United States.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby the Comptroller General ofthe United States.
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 60 p. ;
Number of Pages60
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17651217M

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@article{osti_, title = {Petroleum refining industry: energy saving and environmental control}, author = {Sittig, M.}, abstractNote = {Material from various technological studies and 16 U.S.

patents is collected in this book. This material is divided into 8 sections entitled: Introduction, Definition of Basic Refinery Modules, Air Pollution Control, Water Pollution Control, Solid. Get this from a library. How the petroleum refining industry approaches energy conservation--a case study: report to the Congress.

[United States. General Accounting Office.]. corporate energy management practices in U.S. industry. The U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry The U.S. has the world’s largest refining capacity, processing just less than a quarter of all crude oil in the world.

The petroleum refining sector has grown over the File Size: KB. Maintaining the viability of the U.S. petroleum refining industry requires continuous improvement in productivity and energy efficiency.

The U.S. refining industry has worked with AMO to provide a range of resources that can provide energy and cost savings for the industry.

Chapter 5 The Petroleum Refining Industry INDUSTRY OVERVIEW The petroleum refining industry uses the largest quantity of premium fuels in the industrial sec-tor, amounting to 2,7 Quads in ’ It is sec-ond only to the chemicals industry in the total amount of energy it consumes.

Classified under the petroleum refining industry is. This guide introduces energy efficiency opportunities available for petroleum refineries. It begins with descriptions of the trends, structure, and production of the refining industry and the energy used in the refining and conversion processes.

Specific energy savings for each energy efficiency measure based on case studies of plants and references to technical literature are provided. Robett A. Meyers was manager of Chemical Process Technology at TRW and is now President of RAMTECH Limited. A resident of Redondo Beach, CA, Dr.

Meyers is the inventor or co-inventor of a number of broadly used engineering processes, and has managed projects in nearly every facet of the petroleum refining by: Petroleum Refining: An Essential and Volatile Industry.

Petroleum is the single largest source of energy for the United States. When measured in British thermal units (Btu), the Nation relies on petroleum two times more than either coal or natural gas, and four times more than nuclear power, hydroelectricity, and other renewable energy.

@article{osti_, title = {The potential for reducing energy utilization in the refining industry}, author = {Petrick, M and Pellegrino, J}, abstractNote = {The paper first discusses energy use in petroleum refineries and CO{sub How the petroleum refining industry approaches energy conservation book emissions because of the fuels used.

Then the paper looks at near- mid- and long-term opportunities for energy reduction. In addition, the current on-going CE practices into Chinese petroleum refining industry are only focused on the energy conservation from a technical perspective [24][25][26][27] [ Petroleum refining is the most energy-intensive manufacturing industry in the United States.

According to the most recent Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECs) conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. petroleum refining industry consumed quads (quadrillion Btu, or 10 15 Btu) of energy in (excluding. Figure 1. Capacity and actual crude intake of the U.S. petroleum refining industry between andexpressed in million barrels/day of crude oil intake.

Source: Energy Information Administration. The U.S. petroleum refining industry has grown over the past 60 years by about 2%/year, on Size: 2MB. Mark J. Kaiser is Marathon Professor and Director of the Research and Development Division at the Center for Energy Studies at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, where he has worked since His research interests cover the oil, gas, and refining industry, cost estimation, economic evaluation, fiscal analysis, infrastructure modeling, and regulatory policy.5/5(1).

Although there are some achievements in the energy conservation of Chinese petroleum refining industry, for example, refining energy consumption was. R.J. Clews, in Project Finance for the International Petroleum Industry, 1 Scope of the book.

The petroleum industry is enormous and its activities extend over all regions of the world. Given the wide ranging nature of this industry, it is important to define the scope of activities which this book is concerned with.

Petroleum refining involves refining crude petroleum as well as producing raw materials for the petrochemical industry.

This book covers current refinery processes and process-types that are likely to come on-stream during the next three to five decades. Petroleum refining is a highly energy-intensive process using both purchased energy (gas and electricity) and byproduct streams from the refining processes.

Energy use accounts for approximately 50% of refining costs. Petroleum — Industry of the Future health and profitability of the industry.

Petroleum refining is unique among manufacturing industries from an energy stand-point. It is the country’s single largest source of energy products, supplying 40 per- concerns about emissions and energy conservation.

A key industry priority is. Relentless efforts towards energy conservation on a sustained basis have resulted in significant saving of energy and natural resources.

BPCL Mumbai Refinery has a very robust and effective Energy Management System (EnMS) accredited with ISO certification since and is one of the first refineries to achieve this landmark.

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.

Petrochemicals feed stock like ethylene and propylene can also be produced directly by cracking crude oil without. Using this ranking method, the petroleum refining industry appeared in seventh place among the 13 industry segments being studied. The refining industry consumed about quads in (see Table ES-1), 11% of the 27 quads purchased by all industries.

Petroleum refining is the manufacturing step in the production of hydrocarbon-based fuels. The average annual rate of growth of energy in the U.S. industrial sector is projected to be percent out towhile CO 2 emissions from U.S.

industry are projected to increase more slowly, at percent annually (EIA, ). These low rates are due partly to the presumed introduction of energy-efficient technologies and practices in. Efficiency and conservation are different but related. The terms energy efficiency and energy conservation have distinct meanings.

Energy efficiency is using technology that requires less energy to perform the same function. Using a light-emitting diode (LED) light bulb or a compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulb that requires less energy than an incandescent light bulb to.

Topic last reviewed: 1 February Sectors: Downstream, Midstream, Upstream Energy efficiency in the oil and gas sector primarily relates to the efficient use of energy – heat and power – in industry segments including, but not limited to, upstream and offshore oil and gas production, processing, transmission, and refining.

It is clear that climate change is a serious issue that requires research for solutions and effective policies that allow us to meet our energy needs while protecting the environment: that's why oil and gas companies are working to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

Estimating petroleum industry value chain (Scope 3) greenhouse gas. Worldwide, the petroleum refining industry processes about 82 million barrels of crude oil each day, including about 17 million barrels per day refined in the US, according to the BP Statistical Review of World Energy.

The countries with the largest refining throughput are the US, China, Russia, India, Japan, and South Korea. HPCL's Refineries use energy in various forms viz., fuel, steam, electricity, etc. in different processing units to convert crude oil to valuable petroleum products. Most of these refinery processes are energy intensive and use part of the finished products produced in the refinery to derive their energy requirement.

Sector Notebook Project Petroleum Refining EPA/R EPA Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry September Office of Compliance Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance U.S. Environmental Protection Agency M St., SW (MC A) Washington, DC For sale by the U.S.

Government. Air Products Petroleum Refining O2 N2 H2. Air Products has been a leading global supplier to the refining industry for more than 70 years providing industrial gases, equipment, gas separation and purification technologies, and innovative services and solutions.

The petroleum refining industry's energy savings in are presented in three recent studies. The lowest estimate of 5% of energy savings is provided by McKinsey and Company (). The intermediate range of savings, between 12% and 24%, was published in a study by LBNL ().

An industrial energy manager can conserve energy in a number of ways. He can turn off energy loads, turn down energy intensity, install more energy efficient equipment, insulate tanks and pipe lines, recover and reuse energy, convert batch processes into continuous processes, or optimize the efficiency of converting fuel energy into a distributable medium (i.e., Cited by: 1.

By the petroleum-refining industry had become well established throughout the world. Delivery of crude oil to be refined into petroleum products had reached almost billion tons per year (40 million barrels per day), with major concentrations of.

Heat recovery and energy conservation in petroleum refining. Larsen, William Gale. Abstract: The focus of the analysis presented here is improved recovery (and use) of waste heat at existing petroleum refineries. The major energy-conservation opportunities associated with waste heat are systematically examined both physically and in terms Author: William Gale Larsen.

Cost reduction issues such as energy conservation and reducing refinery losses are explored. The program wraps up with a session on long term trends in the petroleum industry. The sessions will be presented by Mr.

Alan R. English, an independent consultant, with over 40 years of experience in the petroleum refining industry. The nation's petroleum refining industry processes millions of barrels of crude oil per day into products such as gasoline and diesel fuel used to power vehicles and aircraft and provides feedstock for the petrochemical industry.

The industry has changed in recent decades to produce cleaner burning fuels and blend increasing amounts of biofuels into gasoline. This work highlights contemporary approaches to resource utilization and provides comprehensive coverage of technological advances in residuum conversion.

It illustrates state-of-the-art engineering methods for the refinement of heavy oils, 4/5(1). In the US petroleum refining industry, those large international companies form the oil and gas market. With the highly vertically integrated operations throughout the marketing, production, exploration, transportation and refining, and they act as both the players and the buyers within the different phrases.

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement in the United States Petroleum Refining Industry. William R. Morrow III, John Marano, Jayant Sathaye, Ali Hasanbeigi, Tengfang Xu. Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA USA.

June Environmental Impact of the Petroleum Industry June Environmental Update #12 Published by the Hazardous Substance Research Centers/South & Southwest Outreach Program H A Z A R D O U S S U B S T A N CE R E S E A R C H C E N T E R S O U T H & S O U T H W E T Petroleum refining is one of the largest industries in the United States and a vital.

GAIN A COMPLETE UNDERSTANDING OF THE LATEST PETROLEUM REFINING PROCESS TECHNIQUES. This authoritative resource will prove essential for anyone who needs current, expertly written coverage of the latest developments in the petroleum refining process industry. This fully revised Fourth Edition is a complete compendium of licensable.

1 INTRODUCTION Inthe Fluid Catalytic Cracking process was presented to the petroleum refining industry. At the time of the innovation, it was no more profitable to operate than existing processes; it is only in the fifty years between then and now that its great potential has been realized.

Realization has come through a stream of improvements, not one of which has.In response to the forecasts for growth in refining, the worldwide impact of environmental regulations, and the increasing demand for certain product classes, this Second Edition has been completely updated to discuss the technological, pollution control, and economic aspects of nearly 60 major processes.

Each technology covered includes a detailed description and review of 3/5(1).Petroleum refiners must face billion-dollar investments in equipment in order to meet ever-changing environmental requirements.

Because the design and construction of new processing units entail several years' lead time, refiners are reluctant to commit these dollars for equipment that may no longer meet certain conditions when the units come on stream/5.

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